The Department of Justice announced its intention to continue to waste everyone’s time and ensure the emerging US online gambling industry has to keep looking over its shoulder.
Now, the First Circuit Court of Appeals will have to hear the case of whether the 1961 Wire Act, around long before Al Gore invented the internet, applies only to sports betting.
Plus, it’s beginning to look like the New Hampshire judge behind the decision was right. This case ultimately won’t be decided until the US Supreme Court gets a kick at the can.
Origins of the Wire Act issue
The entire issue stems from the origins of legal and regulated online gambling in this country.
In 2011, a number of states looking to start online lottery sales asked the DOJ for clarification on the law. At the time, the DOJ issued the opinion that the Wire Act only applies to sports betting. States including New Jersey, Delaware, and Nevada took this decision and ran with it. They figured it gave them the green light to legalize various other forms of online gambling as well.
Las Vegas Sands Corporation CEO and anti-online gambling zealot Sheldon Adelson was among the few that cried foul. But Adelson never admitted his true fear was online gambling would eat away at his brick and mortar casino business. Instead, he claimed to oppose online gambling on moral grounds.
Adelson’s attempts to save the children and the mentally challenged and intoxicated from the evils of casino games on the internet saw him pour untold millions into the campaigns of politicians he hoped would ultimately back a plan to reinterpret the Wire Act.
The plan never seemed to get much traction. But suddenly, in 2018, the DOJ issued a new opinion on the Wire Act. The opinion reversed the DOJ’s 2011 stance. Plus, despite DOJ denials, it seemed to come straight from a memo sent to the DOJ by an Adelson-backed lobbyist a year earlier.
The new opinion was that the Wire Act applies to all forms of online gambling. At least those that cross state lines. And it sent the otherwise legal and above-board online gambling industry scrambling.
Legal online gambling suddenly in the DOJ’s crosshairs
Online gambling operators and the geolocation technology they employ do a great job of blocking players located out-of-state. However, most operators also pass a certain amount of relatively innocuous data back and forth between servers across state lines. It seems a little nit-picky, but that activity would seem to run afoul of the DOJ’s latest Wire Act interpretation.
Therefore, operators were forced to start looking for a new way to do business in an effort to meet a DOJ set June 14, 2019 compliance deadline.
The DOJ turned down the heat a little moving that compliance deadline to 2020. Then as opposition to the opinion mounted across the country, the June Federal District Court decision gave the DOJ the opportunity to leave this whole mess behind it.
The appeal the DOJ filed on Aug. 16 sounds like the standard procedure for its legal team. However, it’s also a clear sign the DOJ has decided not to abandon the fight here–no matter how much of a losing battle it seems to be.
Pennsylvania just launched its first online casino sites. But it appears the growth of the US online gambling industry will be stunted for now. Instead of continuing to provide much-needed tax revenue in the states where it operates, and expanding into others, the online gambling industry will now be forced to spend the next few years with one eye on how the courts are handling this Wire Act issue.
The Department of Justice could have walked away
The DOJ could have walked away. Instead, as online gambling lobbying group iDEA Growth founder Jeff Ifrah said in the wake of last week’s filing, it went ahead with an unwarranted appeal simply as a matter of course.
It’s not clear if the DOJ was listening, but Ifrah also had a solid suggestion for it:
“We hope that, rather than engaging in a protracted, expensive and ultimately unsuccessful legal fight, the Department will take this opportunity to negotiate a settlement which will focus the Wire Act and DOJ’s enforcement resources on the right targets – the unlicensed illegal offshore Internet gambling operators who do not create jobs or tax revenue in the US and do not appropriately protect consumers.”